ScienceDaily: Top Technology News


Aboard the ISS, researchers investigate complex dust behavior in plasmas

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 04:28 PM PDT

400 kilometers above Earth, researchers examined waves in complex plasma under microgravity conditions and found that the microparticles behaved in nonuniform ways in the presence of varying electrical fields. They report some of the first findings from the Plasma-Kristall 4 experiment.


Physicists find surprising distortions in high-temperature superconductors

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 02:11 PM PDT

Physicists used simulations and neutron scattering experiments to show the presence of tiny lattice distortions near the optimal superconductivity of an iron pnictide compound. Their work could help researcher design superconducting materials with novel and predictable properties.


Early mediation leads to better outcomes

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 11:49 AM PDT

The sooner a case is referred to mediation the better, according to the first empirical analysis of mediation in Singapore’s courts.


Aboard the ISS, researchers investigate complex dust behavior in plasmas

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 09:13 AM PDT

Four hundred kilometers above Earth, researchers examined waves in complex plasma under microgravity conditions and found that the microparticles behaved in nonuniform ways in the presence of varying electrical fields. They report some of the first findings from the Plasma-Kristall 4 (PK-4) experiment in a new paper.


Bioengineers use magnetic force to manage pain

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 09:12 AM PDT

Bioengineers have demonstrated that a gel-like material containing tiny magnetic particles could be used to manage chronic pain from disease or injury. Broadly, the study demonstrates the promising use of biomechanical forces that push and pull on cells to treat disease.




Observing the mechanism of metastasis for the first time

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 08:03 AM PDT

The exact mechanisms for how broken cellular function appears in cells far removed from a cancer’s primary tumor remain an area of ongoing research. Scientists have now confirmed a link between healthy-tumor hybrid cells and metastatic tumors for the first time in live animals. They discuss how they studied the distinct, heterogenous gene expression profiles found in human hybrid cells and how hybrid cells spontaneously occur in mouse models.


Household phenomenon observed by Leonardo da Vinci finally explained

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 08:03 AM PDT

Since the 1820s scientists have believed that hydraulic jumps occur partly as a result of the gravitational pull. But a new article has disproved this longstanding theory.


Mass timber: Thinking big about sustainable construction

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 08:03 AM PDT

The Longhouse, a prototype ‘mass timber’ building designed by students, demonstrates that even huge buildings can be built primarily with wood.


Million fold increase in the power of waves near Jupiter’s moon Ganymede

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 06:51 AM PDT

Chorus waves are electromagnetic waves. Converted to sound they sound like singing and chirping birds at dawn. They can cause polar lights above the Earth as well as damage to satellites. Now, a team of researchers has found that such waves are intensified million-fold around Jupiter’s moon Ganymede. This study provides important observational constraints for theoretical studies.


Sensor could help doctors select effective cancer therapy

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 06:51 AM PDT

Chemical engineers have developed a sensor that lets them see hydrogen peroxide inside cancer cells and determine whether they are responding to drugs that affect redox signaling.




Largest haul of extrasolar planets

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 06:51 AM PDT

Forty-four planets in planetary systems beyond our own have been unveiled in one go, dwarfing the usual number of confirmations from extrasolar surveys, which is typically a dozen or less. The findings will improve our models of planetary systems and may help researchers investigate exoplanet atmospheres. Novel techniques developed to validate the find could hugely accelerate the confirmation of more extrasolar planet candidates.


How a computer learns to dribble: Practice, practice, practice

Posted: 07 Aug 2018 06:49 AM PDT

Basketball players need lots of practice before they master the dribble, and it turns out that’s true for computer-animated players as well. By using deep reinforcement learning, players in video basketball games can glean insights from motion capture data to sharpen their dribbling skills.


System selectively sequesters toxins from water

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 01:27 PM PDT

Engineers are developing ionic water-treatment technology that saves money and energy by selectively removing only hazardous contaminants and ignoring those that are harmless. The platform technology could be used to treat drinking water and wastewater from industrial applications like oil and gas wells.


Scientists create atomic glue gun to build better nucleic acid therapeutics

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 01:27 PM PDT

Scientists have created a powerful new tool for precisely controlling the 3-D architecture — also called stereochemistry — of linkages known as thiophosphates, found in some promising new drugs that target genetic molecules and other disease targets.


Organic makeup of ancient meteorites sheds light on early Solar System

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 12:20 PM PDT

The origin of organic matter found in meteorites that formed during the birth of the Solar System 4.5 billion years ago may provide key clues to understanding the birth of life here on Earth. It could also help astronomers investigate the potential habitability of other solar systems.




Solving its insolubility, researchers discover method to deliver curcumin to cancer cells

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 12:20 PM PDT

Scientists have discovered that curcumin to be an effective agent for killing cancer cells. Curcumin’s effective has been extremely limited because it isn’t natually soluble in water. Recently, however a team has created a sophisticated metallocyclic complex using platinum that has not only enabled curcumin’s solubility, but whose synergy has proven 100 times more effective in treating various cancer types such as melanoma and breast cancer cells than using curcumin and platinum agents separately.


Smart wristband with link to smartphones could monitor health, environmental exposures

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 11:52 AM PDT

Engineers have created a smart wristband with a wireless connection to smartphones that will enable a new wave of personal health and environmental monitoring devices. Their technology could be added to watches and other wearable devices that monitor heart rates and physical activity.


Alexa, be my friend: Children talk to technology, but how does it respond?

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 10:00 AM PDT

Children communicate with technology differently than adults do, and a more responsive device — one that repeats or prompts the user, for example — could be more useful to more people. A new study examines how young children talk to technology.


A system to synthesize realistic sounds for computer animation

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 10:00 AM PDT

Sounds accompanying computer-animated content are usually created with recordings. Now, a new system synthesizes synchronized sound at the push of a button.


NASA’s Planet-hunting TESS catches a comet before starting science

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 07:59 AM PDT

Before NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) started science operations on July 25, 2018, the planet hunter sent back a stunning sequence of serendipitous images showing the motion of a comet.




Expanding the limits of Li-ion batteries: Electrodes for all-solid-state batteries

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 07:43 AM PDT

Scientists have addressed one of the major disadvantages of all-solid-state batteries by developing batteries with a low resistance at their electrode/solid electrolyte interface. The fabricated batteries showed excellent electrochemical properties that greatly surpass those of traditional and ubiquitous Li-ion batteries; thereby, demonstrating the promise of all-solid-state battery technology and its potential to revolutionize portable electronics.


New system allows rapid response to heart attacks, limits cardiac damage

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 07:43 AM PDT

Researchers have developed a drug-delivery system that allows rapid response to heart attacks without surgical intervention. In laboratory and animal testing, the system proved to be effective at dissolving clots, limiting long-term scarring to heart tissue and preserving more of the heart’s normal function.


Ricocheting radio waves monitor the tiniest movements in a room

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 07:42 AM PDT

Metamaterials researchers have shown that patterns made by radio waves can detect a person’s presence and location anywhere inside of a room. The technology is sensitive enough to detect a person breathing and could lead to new smart home devices for energy savings, security, healthcare and gaming.


Soft multi-functional robots get really small … and spider-shaped

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 06:52 AM PDT

Scientists have created — of all things — a soft robotic spider. Don’t worry, it doesn’t bite: the spider is a demonstration of a new manufacturing process that can produce soft robots on the millimeter scale with micrometer-scale features for microsurgery and other procedures.


Oldest-ever igneous meteorite contains clues to planet building blocks

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 06:52 AM PDT

Scientists believe the solar system was formed some 4.6 billion years ago when a cloud of gas and dust collapsed under gravity possibly triggered by a cataclysmic explosion from a nearby massive star or supernova. As this cloud collapsed, it formed a spinning disk with the sun in the center. Since then scientists have been able to establish the formation of the solar system piece by piece.




Concepts for new switchable plasmonic nanodevices

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 06:52 AM PDT

Plasmonic waveguides open the possibility to develop dramatically miniaturized optical devices and provide a promising route towards the next-generation of integrated nanophotonic circuits for information processing, optical computing and others. Key elements of nanophotonic circuits are switchable plasmonic routers and plasmonic modulators.


Earthquakes can be weakened by groundwater

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 06:52 AM PDT

Researchers have found that the presence of pressurized fluid in surrounding rock can reduce the intensity of earthquakes triggered by underground human activities like geothermal energy production.


New tools, old rules: Limit screen-based recreational media at home

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 04:32 AM PDT

Screen time from computers, phones, tablet computers, video games, TV and other screen-based devices is associated with increased sedentary behavior in children and teens. Sedentary behaviors contribute to overweight and obesity. TV viewing has decreased among young people, but overall screen media consumption has increased substantially in this age group.


Mapping the inner workings of a living cell

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 04:31 AM PDT

Researchers show that a widely used chemical tracer, combined with a cutting-edge microscope, can track metabolic changes within the living cells of animals.


Vaping draws strong support — from bots

Posted: 06 Aug 2018 04:31 AM PDT

More than 70 percent of a random sample of tweets analyzed appear to have been produced by bots, whose use to influence public opinion while posing as real people is coming under increased scrutiny.


Analysis chronicles changes in US investment

Posted: 03 Aug 2018 08:47 AM PDT

A new analysis examines how changes in innovation within firms and a shortage of human capital in the United States in the fields of software and IT have driven US multinational companies to establish and expand new innovation hubs abroad.

ScienceDaily: Top Technology News 8. August 2018https://i1.wp.com/diewebservisten.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/siencedaily-klein.jpg?fit=1024%2C521https://i1.wp.com/diewebservisten.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/siencedaily-klein.jpg?resize=150%2C150MichaelNewsTechnologyaboard,behavior,better,complex,early,investigate,plasmas,practice,researchers,systemScienceDaily: Top Technology News Aboard the ISS, researchers investigate complex dust behavior in plasmas Physicists find surprising distortions in high-temperature superconductors Early mediation leads to better outcomes Aboard the ISS, researchers investigate complex dust behavior in plasmas Bioengineers use magnetic force to manage pain Observing the mechanism of metastasis...The world own the knowledge