The today’s Top Technology News from Science Daily.

Overview

  • Studying fungi to keep space travelers safe on new worlds
  • Ad hoc ‘cache hierarchies’ make chips much more efficient
  • Green method developed for making artificial spider silk
  • Dissolvable device could make closing surgical incisions a cinch
  • Spontaneous system follows rules of equilibrium
  • Brain-computer interfaces revolutionized using silicon electronics
  • In the fast lane: Conductive electrodes are key to fast-charging batteries
  • World’s first demonstration of space quantum communication using a microsatellite
  • Notable decrease in IVC filter usage after FDA advisory
  • New way to predict when electric cars and home batteries become cost effective
  • Cosmic ‘dust factory’ reveals clues to how stars are born
  • Smartphone data used in global study of physical activity
  • Widespread bias in astronomy, planetary science, according to survey
  • Harnessing hopping hydrogens for high-efficiency OLEDs
  • Phosphorus rubber?
  • Nature-inspired material uses liquid reinforcement
  • Scientists make ‘squarest’ ice crystals ever
  • How do you build a metal nanoparticle?
  • Forget defrosting your car at a glacial pace: New research speeds process up tenfold
  • Breakthrough in spintronics
  • High-speed whole-brain imaging improves understanding of brain disease in animals and humans
  • Sustainable amine production through hydrogenation of amides under mild conditions
  • Oil spill impacts in coastal wetland
  • New class of insulating crystals hosts quantized electric multipole moments
  • Without HOV policies, urban traffic gets much, much worse

Studying fungi to keep space travelers safe on new worlds

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 08:27 PM PDT

Human presence in closed habitats that may one day be used to explore other planets is associated with changes in the composition of the fungal community – the mycobiome – that grows on surfaces inside the habitat, according to a new study.


Ad hoc ‘cache hierarchies’ make chips much more efficient

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 02:20 PM PDT

Researchers have designed a system that reallocates cache access on the fly, to create new ‘cache hierarchies’ tailored to the needs of particular programs.


Green method developed for making artificial spider silk

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 01:10 PM PDT

Researchers have designed a super stretchy, strong and sustainable material that mimics the qualities of spider silk, and is ‘spun’ from a material that is 98 percent water.


Dissolvable device could make closing surgical incisions a cinch

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 10:53 AM PDT

Surgeons are often faced with the challenge of securely closing the abdominal wall without injuring the intestines. If the process goes awry, there can be serious consequences for patients, including bowel perforations or a hernia at the incision site. Often, repairing these complications requires additional surgeries. Now there is an improvement for this problem, outlines a new report.


Spontaneous system follows rules of equilibrium

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 10:53 AM PDT

A new discovery could be the beginning of a general framework of rules for seemingly unpredictable non-equilibrium systems, explain researchers.


Brain-computer interfaces revolutionized using silicon electronics

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 09:31 AM PDT

An implanted brain-interface device could transform the lives of people with neurodegenerative diseases or people who are hearing and visually impaired, suggest researchers.


In the fast lane: Conductive electrodes are key to fast-charging batteries

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 08:37 AM PDT

Can you imagine fully charging your cell phone in just a few seconds? Researchers can, and they took a big step toward making it a reality with their recent work unveiling of a new battery electrode design.


World’s first demonstration of space quantum communication using a microsatellite

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 08:37 AM PDT

The world’s smallest and lightest quantum-communication transmitter has now been developed, report researchers who have succeeded in the demonstration of the first quantum- communication experiment from space, receiving information from the satellite in a single-photon regime in an optical ground station in Koganei city. This is a major step toward building a global long-haul and truly-secure satellite communication network.


Notable decrease in IVC filter usage after FDA advisory

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 08:36 AM PDT

Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition in which blood clots develop in the deep veins of the body, often in the legs, thigh or pelvis. These clots can break loose and travel to the lungs and can cause a life-threatening condition called pulmonary embolism. An IVC filter is a small, basket-like device made of wire that’s inserted into the inferior vena cava to capture the blood clots, and prevent them from reaching the lungs.


New way to predict when electric cars and home batteries become cost effective

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 08:36 AM PDT

The future cost of energy storage technologies can now be predicted under different scenarios, thanks to a new tool created by researchers.


Cosmic ‘dust factory’ reveals clues to how stars are born

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 08:36 AM PDT

A rich inventory of molecules has been found at the center of an exploded star for the very first time, outlines a new report.


Smartphone data used in global study of physical activity

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 08:36 AM PDT

Using a larger dataset than for any previous human movement study, researchers have tracked physical activity by population for more than 100 countries. Their research follows on a recent estimate that more than 5 million people die each year from causes associated with inactivity.


Widespread bias in astronomy, planetary science, according to survey

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 08:36 AM PDT

88 percent of academics, students, postdoctoral researchers and administrators in astronomy and planetary science reported hearing, experiencing or witnessing negative language or harassment relating to race, gender or other physical characteristics at work within the last five years, shows an online survey about their workplace experiences. Of the 423 respondents, 39 percent reported having been verbally harassed and 9 percent said they had suffered physical harassment at work.


Harnessing hopping hydrogens for high-efficiency OLEDs

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 07:34 AM PDT

A novel design strategy has been revealed for efficient light-emitting molecules with applications in next-generation displays and lighting through renewed investigation of a molecule that slightly changes its chemical structure before and after emission.


Phosphorus rubber?

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 07:34 AM PDT

Goodyear’s 1839 discovery of the vulcanization of natural rubber obtained from rubber trees marks the beginning of the modern rubber industry. A variety of synthetic rubber products were subsequently developed. Scientists have now introduced a new, interesting variant: a phosphorus-containing rubber with a structure that corresponds to that of natural rubber.


Nature-inspired material uses liquid reinforcement

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 07:34 AM PDT

Materials scientists are looking to nature — at the discs in human spines and the skin in ocean-diving fish, for example — for clues about how to use liquid to increase the stiffness of flexible composites.


Scientists make ‘squarest’ ice crystals ever

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 07:34 AM PDT

A new record has been set for creating ice crystals that have a near-perfect cubic arrangement of water molecules — a form of ice that may exist in the coldest high-altitude clouds but is extremely hard to make on Earth.


How do you build a metal nanoparticle?

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 07:34 AM PDT

Although scientists have for decades been able to synthesize nanoparticles in the lab, the process is mostly trial and error, and how the formation actually takes place is obscure. A new study explains how metal nanoparticles form.


Forget defrosting your car at a glacial pace: New research speeds process up tenfold

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 06:22 AM PDT

A novel way to defrost surfaces 10 times faster than normal has been revealed by a team of researchers.


Breakthrough in spintronics

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 06:21 AM PDT

It’s ultra-thin, electrically conducting at the edge and highly insulating within – and all that at room temperature. Physicists have developed a promising new material.


High-speed whole-brain imaging improves understanding of brain disease in animals and humans

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 06:20 AM PDT

A high-speed serial-sectioning imaging system has been developed that captures high-resolution images of a whole mouse brain and furthers our understanding of brain diseases in rodents and primates.


Sustainable amine production through hydrogenation of amides under mild conditions

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 06:20 AM PDT

A catalyst that effectively converts amides to amines at low temperature under low hydrogen pressure has been demonstrated by a team of researchers.


Oil spill impacts in coastal wetland

Posted: 10 Jul 2017 06:17 AM PDT

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill is still affecting wetland plants, a new study confirms. A paper explains how the presence of surface and buried crude oil under flooded and drained conditions affects the redox of wetland soils, an important control of wetland soil functions.


New class of insulating crystals hosts quantized electric multipole moments

Posted: 07 Jul 2017 06:11 PM PDT

Researchers have theoretically predicted a new class of insulating phases of matter in crystalline materials, pinpointed where they might be found in nature, and in the process generalized the fundamental quantum theory of Berry phases in solid state systems.


Without HOV policies, urban traffic gets much, much worse

Posted: 06 Jul 2017 11:31 AM PDT

Cities plagued with terrible traffic problems may be overlooking a simple, low-cost solution: High-occupancy vehicle (HOV) policies that encourage carpooling can reduce traffic drastically, according to a new study.

ScienceDaily: Top Technology Newshttps://i1.wp.com/diewebservisten.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/siencedaily-klein.jpg?fit=1024%2C521https://i1.wp.com/diewebservisten.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/siencedaily-klein.jpg?resize=150%2C150MichaelNewsbatteries,high,ice,make,new,science,space,speed,study,usingThe today’s Top Technology News from Science Daily. Overview Studying fungi to keep space travelers safe on new worlds Ad hoc 'cache hierarchies' make chips much more efficient Green method developed for making artificial spider silk Dissolvable device could make closing surgical incisions a cinch Spontaneous system follows rules of...The world own the knowledge